Byrsonima lucida (Mill.) DC.
Common Names: Guanaberry, Locust
Berry, Candle Berry, Plum Berry, Goose Berry.
Habit: Byrsonima lucida
grows as a medium shrub to small tree up to 7 m in height (typically
shorter). The leaves are arranged oppositely, to 6 cm in length,
obovate to spathulate with a retuse-rounded-acute leaf apex, and an
entire margin. The leaf surfaces have flattened trichomes and are
dark green adaxially and pale abaxially.
The actinomorphic flowers are arranged
in racemes or panicles. At the base of the flower are 3 bracts and a
series of sepal glands in pairs. The calyx has 5 unfused green
sepals. The corolla has 5 unfused, clawed petals that change from
white to red. There are 10 stamens. The ovary is superior with 3
locules and numerous seeds. The fruit is a drupe that turns
orange-brown at maturity. The sepal glands remain on the fruit as it
Habitat: Byrsonima lucida
grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation-
Forests/Woodlands/Shrublands (coppice, scrublands, palm woodlands) as
well as Pine Woodlands, near fresh water areas, and human disturbed
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally:
Byrsonima lucida occurs on all island groupings within the
Bahamian Archipelago as well as Florida and the entire Caribbean
Byrsonima lucida is used in the Bahamas for ob-gyn (to
clear lungs after birth, labor, pregnant women), gastrointestinal
issues (diarrhea), and in strengthening teas,
It is also used in the horticultural
trade for its beautiful flowers as well as its ability to attract
birds and butterflies.
The fruits are edible and ferment
easily and can be used to make liquor.