Common Names: Bahama Brasiletto
Habit: Caesalpinia bahamensis
grows as a large shrub to small tree up to 5 m in height. The trunk
and stems are brownish-grey and are covered with prickles. The leaves
are arranged alternately, are pinnately compound, to 30 cm in length
with the pinnae in 2-4 pairs each with 3-6 leaflets. The leaflets
are obovate with a rounded leaf apex and entire margin.
The flowers are arranged in racemes
that exceed the length of the leaves. The flowers are zygomorphic.
There are 5 greenish-yellow sepals in the calyx and 5 greenish-yellow
petals in the corolla that are fused at the base. There are 9-10
stamens that exceed the perianth. The fruit is a legume, 5-8 cm in
length, turning brown at maturity.
bahamensis grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations
–Forest/Shrubalnds (coppice) as well as an understory shrub in Pine
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally:
Caesalpinia bahamensis grows through out all islands in the
Bahamian Archipelago more commonly in the northern islands as well as
Caesalpinia bahamensis has no known medicinal uses in the
Bahamas. It is closely related to C. vesicaria that has a
long cultural and economic history in the Bahamas.