Common Names: Hog Bush, Boar
Habit Callicarpa hitchcockii
grows as a medium size shrub up to 3 meters in height. The trunk is
thin typically not more than 2 cm in diameter at the base presenting
the shrub with a leggy, viney appearance. The leaves are arranged
oppositely, to 5 cm long, oblanceolate, with an obtuse leaf apex and
a revolute margin. The leaves have deeply recessed venation giving
the leaf a wrinkled texture. The stems are covered with trichomes
providing a scurfy surface.
The actinomorphic flowers are arranged
in few flowered cymes. The calyx has 4 fused green petals. The
corolla has 4 fused, pink petals. There are 4 stamens. The ovary is
superior with 2 locules and is a berry turning blue/purple at
maturity. All structures except stamens have resin glands covering
hitchcockii grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Shrublands
(coppice/scrublands) as well as Pine Woodlands.
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally:
Callicarpa hitchcockii occurs in the north central islands of the
Bahamian Archipelago as well as cays along the northern Cuban
Callicarpa hitchcockii is widely used in the Bahamas medicinally.
It is used to treat colds and flus, pain, ob/gyn issues as well as
in general strengthening teas.