Common Names: Cinnamon Bark,
Wild Cinnamon, White Wood Bark, Pepper Cinnamon, Caneel
Habit: Canella winterana
grows as a medium to large tree up to 10 m in height with a trunk
that is up to 30 cm in diameter that is a light grey. The leaves are
arranged alternately but clustered toward branch tips. The leaves
are to 10 cm in length, 4 cm in width, obovate to oblanceolate in
shape with an obtuse leaf apex and an entire leaf margin. The leaves
and bark are aromatic.
The flowers are arranged in panicles.
The calyx has 3 greenish sepals. The corolla has five bright red
petals with a yellow base. There are numerous stamens forming a
staminal column that is red turning yellow with age. The ovary is
superior with a single locule. The fruit is a berry that turns
purplish red at maturity. The seeds are black. Canella winterana
is functionally dioecious.
Habitat: Canella winterana
grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations – Forests/Shrubalnds
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally:
Canella winterana occurs throughout the Bahamian Archipelago,
southern Florida, the Greater Antilles and the southern Caribbean.
Canella winterana has been used medicinally to treat “female
tiredness” by preparing a tonic made from boiling leaves and bark.
Crushed leaves can be used to numb the pain of toothaches by placing
them near the tooth. Tonics of the bark are also used to treat
gastrointestinal issues. The bark and berries are dried and crushed
and used commercially as a spice. The bark has also been used to
Canella winterana is used in the
horticultural industry for its beautiful leaves and bright showy
flowers and fruits. Care must be taken as wasps pollinate the