Varronia bahamensis Urb.
Formerly: Cordia bahamensis
Common Names: Granny Bush,
Habit: Varronia bahamensis
grows as a shrub to small tree up to four meters in height. The
bark is black with whitish lenticels. The leaves are arranged
alternately and are linear to elliptic in shape. The leaves are up
to ten centimeters long (usually shorter) with a leaf margin that
ranges from entire to slightly toothed. The surfaces of the leaves
are covered with scabrous scales.
The flowers are arranged in heads. The
calyx has five sepals that are fused into a cup that is covered with
hairs. The corolla has five white petals that are fused into a cup.
There are five stamens that are attached to the rim of the corolla.
The ovary is superior. The fruit is a berry that turns red at
Habitat: Varronia bahamensis
grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations (Coppice): primarily in
shrublands as well as in Pine Woodlands.
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally:
Varronia bahamensis occurs on all islands in the Bahamian
Archipelago as well as southern Florida and Cuba.
Varronia bahamensis does not have a known medicinal use in the
Bahamian Archipelago. It has been introduced into the horticultural
trade. It is attractive to birds and butterflies an in the northern
Bahamas it attracts the Atala Butterfly.