Plant Listings

Croton discolor

Croton discolor Willd.

Common Name: 

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Habit: Croton discolor grows as a small to medium shrub up to 2 m in height. The leaves are arranged alternately, oblong to elliptic, to 5 cm in length with an entire margin and cuspidate/mucronate leaf apex. The adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces are different colors due to differences in pubescence density.

The actinomorphic, dioecious flowers are arranged in axillary or terminal racemes. Staminate flowers have 5 unfused, green, ciliate, sepals in the calyx. The corolla has 5 unfused, white petals. There are 12 stamens and no carpel. The carpellate flowers have 5 unfused sepals in the calyx. The corolla has 5 unfused white petals. There are no stamens. The superior ovary has 3 locules. The fruit is a 3-parted capsule.

Habitat: Croton discolor grows on a limestone substrate in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations (Coppice) most typically in Shrublands.

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Croton discolor occurs in the southern island groupings in the Bahamian Archipelago and the Caribbean region.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Croton discolor is used not used medicinally in the Bahamas.