Common Names: Spider Lily, Bay Lily, Sea Lily
Habit: Hymenocallis arenicola
is an herb that produces a basal rosette of semi succulent linear
leaves from a fleshy underground bulb. The leaves are parallel
veined, up to 8 cm wide and 70 cm long with a rounded leaf apex.
The flowers are arranged in an umbel
bearing up to 14 sessile flowers. The calyx has three sepals and the
corolla has three petals. The calyx and corolla are both white and
are fused together at their base. There are six stamens partially
fused to the perianth forming a tubular hypanthium. The ovary is
inferior and has three locules containing two ovules each. The fruit
is berry that is white at maturity.
arenicola grows in a sand substrate on beach dunes and in yards.
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally:
Hymenocallis arenicola occurs in the northern and central
islands of the Bahamian Archipelago as well as southern Florida and
most of the Caribbean region.
Hymenocallis arenicola has been used in the Bahamas to treat
Hymenocallis arenicola is
commonly used in the horticultural industry especially for coastal
areas in the southern United States and the Caribbean.