Plant Listings

Scolosanthus bahamensis

Scolosanthus bahamensis Britt.

Common Names:  

Family:  Rubiaceae

Habit: Scolosantheu bahamensis grows as a small shrub to 75 cm in height with angular branching.  Often with spines to 1 cm in length. The leaves are arranged oppositely or in fascicles with no or very reduced petioles, to 5 mm long, ovate with an obtuse leaf apex and a revolute margin causing the leaf to be cup shaped.  The vegetation covered with papillose pubescence.

The flowers arise solitarily or in clusters from the leaf axils.  The calyx has 4 green fused sepals. The corolla has 4 fused, white/yellow petals that form a tube 4-5 times the length of the calyx.  There are 4 unfused stamens.  The ovary is inferior with 2 locules.  The fruit is a 1 or 2-seeded drupe/berry that is white/yellow at maturity. 

Habitat: Scolosanthus bahamensis grows in limestone substrate in open Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Forests/Woodlands/Shrubland (coppice) and Pine Woodlands.

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Scolosanthus bahamensis occurs in the northern island groupings of Bahamian Archipelago, Cuba and the Cayman Islands.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Scolosanthus bahamensis is not known to be used medicinally in the Bahamas.

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