Common Names: Piss-A-Bed, Pisser Bed, Pearl Berry, Tear Shrub
Habit: Vallesia antillana grows as shrub up to 4 meters in height with a small trunk to 10 cm in diameter. The bark is yellowish gray with fissures. The leaves are arranged alternately, to 10 cm long and 4 cm wide, usually smaller. The leaves have an acuminate leaf apex and an entire margin.
The actinomorphic flowers are in dichotomous cymes. The calyx has 5 unfused, greenish sepals. The corolla has 5 white petals that are fused forming a tube with the lobes overlapping to one side forming a pinwheel shape. There are 5 stamens fused to the corolla tube. The ovary is superior and has two locules and many ovules. The fruit is a berry that turns white at maturity.
Habitat: Vallesia antillana grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Forest/Shrubland (Coppice or scrublands).
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Vallesia antillana occurs on all island groupings within the Bahamian Archipelago as well as south Florida and the Greater Antilles.
Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Vallesia antillana is used in the Bahamas to treat gastrointestinal problems.