Flora by Scientific Name

There are over 1400 species of vascular plants in the flora of the Lucayan Archipelago. The Lucayan Archipelago includes both The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands as a natural floristic unit. This flora includes native species as well as the invasive, naturalized, horticultural, and agricultural plants.

The Levy Preserve/Bahamas National Trust is working to fulfill Target 1 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation which calls for each nation to have an online flora. The current online flora has over 660 species (~47 % of the flora) with descriptions and pictures.

At the Levy Preserve there are 410 native species in the living collection including 46 of the 89 endemic species known to occur in the islands (Freid et. al. 2014). The original survey of the property listed 171 species as naturally occurring on the site. The increase in species number is due to a closer examination of the site revealing additional species as naturally occurring as well as live plant collections from Abaco, Andros, Cat Island, Crooked Island, Exumas, Grand Bahama, Great Inagua, Long Island, Mayaguana, New Providence, San Salvador, and elsewhere on Eleuthera.  An additional 21 non-native fruiting trees, shrubs, and herbs were added to the Edible History section.

Many plant pages also have links to the herbarium specimens collected by the New York Botanical Gardens.

Below is a list of the vascular plants of the Lucayan Archipelago currently in the Levy Preserve's online database. Click on the links below for information about each species.

Abarema glauca
Abelmoschus esculentus
Abildgaardia ovata
Abrus precatorius
Abutilon permolle
Acacia acuifera
Acacia choriophylla
Acalypha alopecuroidea
Acalypha arvensis
Acalypha wilkesiana
Achyranthes aspera
Achyranthes indica
Acrostichum danaeifolium
Adiantum capillus-veneris
Aechmea lingulata
Agalinis maritima
Agave ackliniola
Agave bahamana
Agave braceana
Agave cacozela
Agave inaguensis
Agave indagatorum
Agave millspaughii
Agave nashii
Agave sisalana
Albizia lebbeck
Aletris bracteata
Aleurites moluccanus
Aloe vera
Alternanthera littoralis
Alternanthera maritima
Alvaradoa amorphoides
Alysicarpus vaginalis
Amaranthus spinosus
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Ambrosia hispida
Ammannia coccinea
Ammannia latifolia
Amyris elemifera
Ananas comosus
Anastraphia pauciflosculosa
Anemia adiantifolia
Andropogon glomeratus
Andropogon virginicus
Anethum graveolens
Angadenia berteroi
Angadenia sagraei
Annona glabra
Annona muricata
Annona squamosa
Antigonon leptopus
Antirhea myrtifolia
Apium leptophyllum
Arachis hypogaea
Ardisia ellipitica
Ardisia escallonioides
Argemone mexicana
Argusia gnaphalodes
Argythamnia lucayana
Argythamnia sericea
Aristolochia passiflorifolia
Aristolochia pentandra
Arthrostylidium capillifolium
Asclepias curassavica
Asparagus densiflorus
Asparagus setaceus
Astraea lobata
Asystasia gangetica
Ateleia gummifera
Auerodendron northropianum
Avicennia germinans
Baccharis dioica
Bacopa monnieri
Badiera oblongata
Banara minutiflora
Basella alba
Batis maritima
Bernardia dichotoma
Bidens alba
Blechnum serrulatum
Blechum brownei
Bletia purpurea
Blutaparon vermiculare
Bocconia frutsecens
Boerhavia diffusa
Boerhavia erecta
Bonania cubana
Borreria felis-insulae
Borreria laevis
Borrichia arborescens
Bothriochloa pertusa
Bougainvillea sp.
Bourreria succulenta
Brassaia actinophylla
Breynia disticha
Broughtonia lindenii
Buchnera floridana
Bucida buceras
Bucida spinosa
Bumelia americana
Bumelia glomerata
Bumelia salicifolia
Bunchosia glandulosa
Bursera frenningiae
Bursera simaruba
Buxus bahamensis
Byrsonima lucida
Caesalpinia bahamensis
Caesalpinia bonduc
Caesalpinia ciliata
Caesalpinia murifructa
Caesalpinia ovalifolia
Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Caesalpinia vesicaria
Cajanus cajan
Cakile lanceolata
Calliandra formosa
Callicarpa hitchcockii
Calophyllum inophyllum
Calopogon tuberosus
Calotropis procera
Calyptocarpus vialis
Calyptranthes pallens
Calyptranthes zuzygium
Campyloneurum phyllitidis
Canavalia rosea
Canella winterana
Capparis cynophallophora
Capparis flexuosa
Capraria biflora
Capsicum annuum
Caraxeron vermicularis
Carica papaya
Carissa macrocarpa
Casasia clusiifolia
Cascabela thevetia
Casearia nitida
Cassia chapmanii
Cassytha filiformis
Cassia lineata
Casuarina equisetifolia
Catalpa longissima
Catesbaea foliosa
Catesbaea parviflora
Catesbaea spinosa
Catharanthus roseus
Catopsis berteroniana
Catopsis floribunda
Cattleyopsis lindenii
Cayaponia racemosa
Cenchrus echinatus
Cenchrus gracillimus
Cenchrus incertus
Centella asiatica
Centrosema angustifolium
Centrosema virginianum
Cereus boeckmannii
Chamaecrista lineata
Chaptalia dentata
Cheilanthes microphylla
Chenopodiastrum murale
Chenopodium murale
Chiococca alba
Chiococca parvifolia
Chromolaena corymbosa
Chromolaena lucayana
Chromolaena odoratum
Chrysobalanus icaco
Chrysophyllum oliviforme
Cienfuegosia yucatanensis
Cirsium horridulum
Cissus intermedia
Cissus sicyoides
Cissus trifoliata
Cissus verticillata
Citharexlyum fruticosum
Citrullus lanatus
Cladium jamaicense
Cladium mariscus
Clematis plukenetii
Clerodendrum splendens
Clinopodium brownei
Clitoria ternatea
Clusia rosea
Coccoloba diversifolia
Coccoloba krugii
Coccoloba swartzii
Coccoloba tenuifolia
Coccoloba uvifera
Coccothrinax argentata
Coccothrinax inaguensis
Cocos nucifera
Codiaeum variegatum
Colubrina arborescens
Commelina elegans
Commelina erecta
Commicarpus scandens
Conocarpus erectus
Consolea millspaughii
Conzya candensis
Corchorus aestuans
Corchorus hirsutus
Corchorus siliquosus
Cordia bahamensis
Cordia brittonii
Cordia sebestena
Coreopsis leavenworthii
Crescentia cujete
Crinum asiaticum
Crinum zeylanicum
Crossopetalum aquifolium
Crossopetalum coriaceum
Crossopetalum ilicifolium
Crossopetalum rhacoma
Crotalaria incana
Crotalaria pallida
Crotalaria pumila
Crotalaria verrucosa
Croton discolor
Croton eluteria
Croton humilis
Croton linearis
Croton lobatus
Croton lucidus
Croton rosmarinoides
Cryptostegia grandiflora
Cuphea parsonsia
Cuscuta americana
Cyanthillium cinereum
Cyclospermum leptophyllum
Cymbopogon flexuosus
Cynanchum angustifolium
Cynanchum blodgettii
Cynanchum eggersii
Cynodon dactylon
Cyperus alternifolius
Cyperus correllii
Cyperus croceus
Cyperus esculentus
Cyperus globulosus
Cyperus ligularis
Cyperus planifolius
Cyperus polystachyos
Cyperus rotundus
Cyperus surinamensis
Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Delonix regia
Dendropemon brevipes
Dendropemon purpureus
Desmanthus virgatus
Desmodium canum
Desmodium tortuosum
Digitaria ciliaris
Digitaria insularis
Digitaria villosa
Dioscorea microphylla
Diospyros crassinervis
Diplotaxis muralis
Dodonaea ehrenbergii
Dodonaea viscosa
Dracaena hyacinthoides
Drymaria cordata
Duranta erecta
Dyssodia tenuiloba
Echinodorus berteroi
Echites umbellatus
Eclipta alba
Eclipta prostrata
Eleocharis caribaea
Eleocharis cellulosa
Eleocharis geniculata
Eleocharis interstincta
Eleusine indica
Emilia fosbergii  
Encyclia altissima
Encyclia boothiana
Encyclia cochleata
Encyclia correllii
Encyclia fehlingii
Encyclia gracilis
Encyclia plicata
Encyclia rufa
Epidendrum nocturnum
Epidendrum rigidum
Eragrostis bahamensis
Eragrostis ciliaris
Erigeron quercifolius
Erithalis diffusa
Erithalis fruticosa
Erithalis odorifera
Ernodea cokeri
Ernodea gigantea
Ernodea littoralis
Ernodea millspaughii
Ernodea nashii
Ernodea serratifolia
Erythroxylum areolatum
Erythroxylum rotundifolium
Eugenia axillaris
Eugenia foetida
Eugenia uniflora
Eulophia graminea
Eupatorium corymbosum
Eupatorium lucayanum
Eupatorium odoratum
Eupatorium villosum
Euphorbia cayensis
Euphorbia exumensis
Euphorbia graminea
Euphorbia gymnonota
Euphorbia heterophylla
Euphorbia hirta
Euphorbia hyssopifolia
Euphorbia lactea
Euphorbia lecheoides
Euphorbia longinsulicola
Euphorbia mesembryanthemifolia
Euphorbia ophthalmica
Euphorbia proctorii
Euphorbia prostrata
Euphorbia tirucalli
Euphorbia tithymaloides subsp. bahamensis
Euphorbia vaginulata
Euphorbia wilsonii
Eustoma exaltatum
Evolvulus alsinoides
Evolvulus nummularius
Evolvulus squamosus
Exostema caribeaum
Exothea paniculata
Ficus aurea
Ficus benghalensis
Ficus benjamina
Ficus carica
Ficus citrifolia
Fimbrystylis cymosa
Fimbrystylis ferruginea
Fimbristylis ovata
Flaveria linearis
Flaveria trinervia
Foeniculum vulgare
Forestiera segregata
Gaillardia pulchella
Galactia bahamensis
Galactia rupdolphioides
Galactia spiciformis
Galium bermudense
Galium hispidulum
Galphimia gracilis
Genipa clusiifolia
Gochnatia paucifloscula
Gossypium hirsutum
Gouania lupuloides
Grimmedodendron eglandulosum
Guaiacum sanctum
Guapira discolor
Guapira obtusata
Guettarda elliptica
Guettarda krugii
Guettarda nashii
Guettarda scabra
Gundlachia corymbosa
Gyminda latifolia
Gymnanthes lucida
Haematoxylum campechianum
Hamelia patens
Harrisia brookii
Hedyotis callitrichoides
Hedyotis nigricans
Helianthus argophyllus
Helicteres jamaicensis
Helicteres semitriloba
Heliotropium angiospermum
Heliotropium curassavicum
Hemionitis microphylla
Herissantia crispa
Heterosavia bahamensis
Heterotheca graminifolia
Hibiscus brittonianus
Hibiscus clypeatus
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hibiscus tiliaceus
Hippomane mancinella
Hura crepitans
Hylocereus undatus
Hymenocallis arenicola
Hypelate trifoliata
Hypericum hypericoides
Hyptis pectinata
Indigofera suffruticosa
Ipomoea hederifolia
Ipomoea carnea
Ipomoea imperati
Ipomoea indica
Ipomoea microdactyla
Ipomoea pes-caprae
Ipomoea stolonifera
Ipomoea triloba
Iresine flavescens
Iva imbricata
Jacaranda caerulea
Jacquemontia cayensis
Jacquemontia havanensis
Jacquinia berteroi
Jacquinia keyensis
Jasminum fluminense
Jatropha multifida
Juniperus barbadensis
Kalanchoe daigremontiana
Kalanchoe pinnata
Kallstroemia maxima
Koanophyllon villosum
Krugiodendron ferreum
Lactuca intybacea
Laguncularia racemosa
Lantana x bahamensis
Lantana balsamifera
Lantana demutata
Lantana involucrata
Lasiacis divaricata
Lasiocroton bahamensis
Leiphaimos parasitica
Lepidaploa arbuscula
Lepidium virginicum
Leptochloopsis virgata
Leuceana leucocephala
Leucothrinax morrisii
Linum bahamense
Lithophila muscoides
Lonchocarpus domingensis
Lonchocarpus sericeus
Ludwigia erecta
Luffa aegyptiaca
Lycopersicon esculentum
Lysiloma latisiliquum
Lysiloma sabicu
Macroptilium atropurpureum
Macroptilium lathyroides
Mallotonia gnaphalodes
Malpighia emarginata
Malpighia polytricha
Malvastrum corchorifolium
Malvaviscus arboreus
Mammea americana
Mammillaria nivosa
Mangifera indica
Manihot esculenta
Manilkara bahamensis
Manilkara zapota
Marsilea nashii
Mastichodendron foetidissimum
Mecardonia vandellioides
Megathyrsus maximus
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Melanthera nivea
Melia azedarach
Melicoccus bijugatus
Melinis repens
Melocactus intortus
Melochia nodiflora
Melochia pyramidata
Melochia tomentosa
Merremia dissecta
Mesosphaerum pectinatum
Metastelma angustifolium
Metastelma blodgettii
Metastelma eggersii
Metopium toxiferum
Mikania scandens
Mimosa bahamensis
Mimosa pudica
Mitreola petiolata
Momordica charantia
Morella cerifera
Morinda citrifolia
Morinda royoc
Moringa oleifera
Mosiera longipes
Mucuna pruriens
Musa x paradisiaca
Myrcianthes fragrans
Myrica cerifera
Myriopus poliochros
Myriopus volubilis
Myrsine cubana
Myrsine floridana
Nashia inaguensis
Nectandra coriacea
Neobracea bahamensis
Neolaugeria densiflora
Neptunia plena
Nerium oleander
Neuroleana lobata
Nymphaea ampla
Nymphaea elegans
Nymphoides grayana
Ocotea coriacea
Oeceoclades maculata
Oldenlandiopsis callitrichoides
Oncidium ensatum
Oncidium floridanum
Oncidium lucayanum
Oncidium sasseri
Oplonia spinosa
Opuntia cochenillifera
Opuntia millspaughii
Opuntia stricta
Oxalis corniculata
Oxypolis filiformis
Palicourea pubescens
Panicum adspersum
Panicum amarulum
Panicum amarum
Panicum maximum
Parkinsonia aculeata
Parthenium hysterophorus
Parthenocissus quinequefolia
Paspalum arundinaceum
Paspalum blodgettii
Paspalum fimbriatum
Passiflora bahamensis
Passiflora cupraea
Passiflora pectinata
Passiflora suberosa
Pavonia bahamensis
Pecluma plumula
Pectis glaucescens
Pectis leptocephala
Pedilianthus bahamensis
Peltophorum adnatum
Pentalinon luteum
Pera bumeliifolia
Persea americana
Persicaria glabra
Petitia domingensis
Petiveria alliacea
Phialanthus myrtilloides
Phlebodium aureum
Phoradendron northropiae
Phyla nodiflora
Phyla stoechadifolia
Phyllanthus acidus
Phyllanthus amarus
Phyllanthus epiphyllanthus
Phyllanthus pentaphyllus
Phymosia abutiloides
Physalis angulata
Picramnia pentandra
Picrodendron baccatum
Pilea herniarioides
Pilea microphylla
Pilocereus millspaughii
Pilocereus polygonus
Pinguicula pumila
Pinus caribaea var bahamensis
Piriqueta carolininana
Piriqueta cistoides
Piscidia piscipula
Pithecellobium glaucum
Pithecellobium keyense
Pityopsis graminifolia
Pleopeltis polypodioides
Pluchea rosea
Plumbago auriculata
Plumeria bahamensis
Plumeria obtusa
Plumeria pudica
Plumeria rubra
Polygala grandiflora
Polygala oblongata
Polygonum densiflorum
Polypodium aureum
Polypodium phyllitidis
Polypodium plumula
Polypodium polypodioides
Polypremum procumbens
Polystachya foliosa
Ponthieva brittoniae
Portulaca minuta
Portulaca oleracea
Portulaca rubricaulis
Pouteria campechiana
Priva lappulacea
Prosthechea boothiana
Prosthechea cochleata
Pseudocarpidium wrightii
Pseudogynoxys chenopodioides
Pseudophoenix sargentii
Psidium guajava
Psidium longipes
Psiguria pedata
Psilotum nudum
Psychotria ligustrifolia
Psychotria nervosa
Psychotria pubescens
Pteridium aquilinum
Punica granatum
Rachicallis americana
Rajania hastata
Randia aculeata
Raphanus raphanistrum
Rauvolfia nitidia
Rauvolfia tetraphyla
Reynosia northropiana
Reynosia septentrionalils
Rhabdadenia biflora
Rhizophora mangle
Rhoeo spathacea
Rhus radicans
Rhynchelytrum repens
Rhynchosia minima
Rhynchospora floridensis
Ricinus communis
Rivina humilis
Rochefortia spinosa
Roystonea borinquena
Roystonea hispaniolana
Ruellia blechum
Ruellia tuberosa
Russelia equisetiformis
Sabal palmetto
Sabatia stellaris
Sagittaria lancifolia
Salicornia virginica
Salmea petrobioides
Salvia serotina
Samolus ebracteatus
Sansevieria hyacinthoides
Sarcomphalus taylorii
Satureja brownei
Savia bahamensis
Scaevola plumieri
Scaevola taccada
Schaefferia frutescens
Schefflera actinophylla
Schinus terebinthifolia
Schizachyrium gracile
Schoepfia obovata
Scleria lithosperma
Scolosanthus bahamensis
Scutellaria havanensis
Selaginella eatonii
Selenicereus pteranthus
Selenicereus undatus
Senna chapmanii
Serjania diversifolia
Sesuvium portulacastrum
Setcreasea pallida
Sida acuta
Sida ciliaris
Sideroxylon americanum
Sideroxylon foetidissimum
Sideroxylon horridum
Sideroxylon salicifolium
Simarouba glauca
Sisyrinchium arenicola
Sisyrinchium fuscatum
Smilax havanensis
Solandra maxima
Solanum americanum
Solanum bahamense
Solanum erianthum
Solanum didymacanthum
Solanum lycopersicum
Solanum microphyllum
Solidago sempervirens
Sophora tomentosa
Spathelia bahamensis
Spermacoce felis-insulae
Spermacoce laevis
Spermacoce tenuior
Sphagneticola trilobata
Sphenomeris clavata
Spigelia anthelmia
Spondias purpurea
Sporobolus domingensis
Sporobolus virginicus
Stachytarpheta fruticosa
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
Stemodia maritima
Stenaria nigricans
Stenostomum densiflorum
Stenostomum myrtifolium
Stenotaphrum secundatum
Stigmaphyllon sagraeanum
Strumpfia maritima
Stylosanthes hamata
Suaeda linearis
Suriana maritima
Swietenia mahagoni
Symphyotrichum lucayanum
Tabebuia bahamensis
Tabebuia lepidota
Talinum fruticosum
Talinum triangulare
Tamarindus indica
Tecoma stans
Tephrosia cinerea
Teramnus labialis
Terminalia buceras
Terminalia catappa
Terminalia spinosa
Tetrazygia bicolor
Thelypteris kunthii
Thespesia populnea
Thevetia peruviana
Thouinia discolor
Thrinax morrisii
Thymophylla tenuiloba
Tibisia farcta
Tillandsia balbisiana
Tillandsia bulbosa
Tillandsia circinnata
Tillandsia fasciculata
Tillandsia flexuosa
Tillandsia polystachia
Tillandsia recurvata
Tillandsia usneoides
Tillandsia utriculata
Tithonia diversifolia
Tolumnia lucayana
Tolumnia sasseri
Tournefortia gnaphalodes
Tournefortia poliochros
Tournefortia volubilis
Toxicodendron radicans
Tradescantia pallida
Tradescantia spathacea
Trema lamarckiana
Tribulus cistoides
Trichachne insularis
Tridax procumbens
Triopteris jamaicensis
Triumfetta semitriloba
Turnera diffusa
Turnera ulmifolia
Typha domingensis
Uniola paniculata
Uniola virgata
Urechites luteus
Urochloa adspersa
Utricularia gibba
Utricularia purpurea
Vachellia acuifera
Vachellia choriophylla
Vallesia antilleana
Vanilla barbellata
Vanilla correllii
Vanilla poitaei
Varronia bahamensis
Varronia brittonii
Vernonia arbuscula
Vernonia bahamensis
Vernonia blodgettii
Vernonia cinerea
Vitex trifolia
Vitis munsoniana
Vitis rotundifolia var. munsoniana
Vittaria lineata
Voyria parasitica
Waltheria bahamensis
Waltheria indica
Wedelia bahamensis
Wedelia trilobata
Xylosma buxifolia
Yucca aloifolia
Zamia angustifolia
Zamia integrifolia
Zamia lucayana
Zamia pumila
Zanthoxylum coriaceum
Zanthoxylum cubense
Zanthoxylum fagara
Zanthoxylum flavum
Zanthoxylum rhodoxylon
Zapoteca formosa
Zea mays
Zephyranthes citrina
Zephyranthes puertoricensis
Zephyranthes rosea
Ziziphus jujuba
Ziziphus taylori
Zoysia matrella
Zoysia tenuifolia

www.bnt.bs