Preserve Flora - Scientific Names

Over 1400 species of vascular plants inhabit the Bahamian Archipelago (Correll and Correll 1982 and Acevedo 2012).  The Preserve now hosts 410 native species of vascular plants including 19 of the 89 endemic species known to occur in the islands (Freid et. al. 2014).

The original survey of the property listed 171 species as naturally occurring on the site. The increase in species number is due to a closer examination of the site revealing additional species as naturally occurring as well as live plant collections from Abaco, Andros, Crooked, Exumas, Long Island, New Providence, and elsewhere on Eleuthera.  An additional 21 non-native fruiting trees, shrubs, and herbs were added to the Edible History section.

Many plant pages also have links to the herbarium specimens collected by the New York Botanical Gardens.

Below is a list of the plants found at the Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. Click on the links below for information.

Abrus precatorius
Acacia acuifera
Acacia choriophylla
Acrostichum danaeifolium
Adiantum capillus-veneris
Aechmea lingulata
Agalinis maritima
Agave ackliniola
Agave bahamana
Agave braceana
Agave cacozela
Agave inaguensis
Agave indagatorum
Agave millspaughii
Agave nashii
Agave sisalana
Aloe vera
Alvaradoa amorphoides
Ambrosia hispida
Ammannia coccinea
Ammannia latifolia
Amyris elemifera
Anastraphia paucifloscula
Anemia adiantifolia
Anethum graveolens
Annona glabra
Antirhea myrtifolia
Ardisia escallonioides
Argemone mexicana
Argusia gnaphalodes
Argythamnia lucayana
Argythamnia sericea
Ateleia gummifera
Avicennia germinans
Baccharis dioica
Bacopa monnieri
Badiera oblongata
Bidens alba
Blechnum serrulatum
Bletia purpurea
Blutaparon vermiculare
Bonania cubana
Borreria laevis
Borrichia arborescens
Bourreria succulenta
Broughtonia lindenii
Bucida buceras
Bucida spinosa
Bumelia americana
Bumelia salicifolia
Bursera frenningae
Bursera simaruba
Byrsonima lucida
Caesalpinia bahamensis
Caesalpinia bonduc
Caesalpinia ciliata
Caesalpinia murifructa
Caesalpinia ovalifolia
Caesalpinia vesicaria 
Cakile lanceolata
Calliandra formosa
Callicarpa hitchockii
Calyptranthes pallens
Calyptranthes zuzygium
Canavalia rosea
Canella winterana
Capparis cynophallophora
Capparis flexuosa
Capraria biflora
Caraxeron vermicularis
Carica papaya
Casearia nitida
Cassia chapmanii
Cassytha filiformis
Cassia lineata
Casuarina equisetifoia
Catesbaea spinosa
Catopsis berteroniana
Catopsis floribunda
Cattleyopsis lendenii
Cenchrus incertus
Centella asiatica
Centrosema angustifolium
Centrosema virginianum
Chamaecrista lineata
Chiococca alba
Chromolaena corymbosa
Chromolaena lucayana
Chrysobalanus icaco
Chrysophyllum oliviforme
Cissus intermedia
Citharexlyum fruticosum
Cladium jamaicense
Clematis plukenetii
Clinopodium brownei
Clitoria ternatea
Clusia rosea
Coccoloba diversifolia
Coccoloba krugii
Coccoloba swartzii
Coccoloba tenuifolia
Coccoloba uvifera
Coccothrinax argentata
Coccothrinax inaguensis
Cocos nucifera
Conocarpus erectus
Consolea millspaughii
Conzya candensis
Corchorus hirsutus
Corchorus siliquosus
Cordia bahamensis
Cordia sebestena
Crossopetalum aquifolium
Crossopetalum coriaceum
Crossopetalum ilicifolium
Crossopetalum rhacoma
Crotalaria pumila
Croton discolor
Croton eluteria
Croton humilis
Croton linearis
Croton lucidus
Croton rosmarinoides
Cyanthillium cinereum
Cymbopogon flexuosus
Cynanchum angustifolium
Cynanchum blodgettii
Cynanchum eggersii
Delonix regia
Desmanthus virgatus
Desmodium canum
Duranta erecta
Echinodorus berteroi
Echites umbellata
Eleocharis caribaea
Eleocharis cellulosa
Eleocharis interstincta
Emilia fosbergii  
Encyclia altissima
Encyclia boothiana
Encyclia cochleata
Encyclia correllii
Encyclia gracilis
Encyclia fehlingii
Encyclia gracilis
Encyclia plicata
Encyclia rufa
Erithalis diffusa
Erithalis fruticosa
Ernodea cokeri
Ernodea gigantea
Ernodea littoralis
Ernodea millspaughii
Ernodea nashii
Ernodea serratifolia
Erythroxylum areolatum
Erythroxylum rotundifolium
Eugenia axillaris
Eugenia foetida
Eupatorium lucayanum
Eupatorium odoratum
Eupatorium villosum
Euphorbia hirta
Euphorbia hyssopifolia
Euphorbia longinsulicola
Euphorbia mesembryanthemifolia
Eustoma exaltatum
Evolvulus alsinoides
Evolvulus nummularius
Evolvulus squamosus
Exostema caribeaum
Exothea paniculata
Ficus aurea
Ficus citrifolia
Fimbrystylis cymosa
Fimbrystylis ferruginea
Flaveria linearis
Galactia bahamensis
Galactia rupdolphioides
Galactia spiciformis
Galium bermudense
Galium hispidulum
Genipa clusiifolia
Gochnatia paucifloscula
Grimmedodendron eglandulosum
Guaiacum sanctum
Guapira discolor
Guapira obtusata
Guettarda elliptica
Guettarda krugii
Guettarda scabra
Gundlachia corymbosa
Gymnanthes lucidus
Haematoxylum campechianum
Harrisia brookii
Hedyotis nigricans
Helicteres jamaicensis
Helicteres semitriloba
Heliotropium angiospermum
Heterotheca graminifolia
Hippomane mancinella
Hylocereus undatus
Hymenocallis arenicola
Hypelate trifoliata
Ipomoea hederifolia
Ipomoea imperati
Ipomoea indica
Ipomoea pes-capre
Ipomoea stolonifera
Iresine flavescens
Iva imbricata
Jacaranda coerulea
Jacquemontia cayensis
Jacquemontia havanensis
Jacquinia keyensis
Kalanchoe pinnata
Koanophyllon villosum
Krugioidendron ferreum
Lactuca intybacea
Laguncularia racemosa
Lantana bahamensis
Lantana balsamifera
Lantana demutata
Lantana involucrata
Lasiacis divaricata
Leiphaimos parasitica
Leuceana leucocephala
Lysiloma latisilliquum
Lysiloma sabicu
Macroptilium lathyroides
Mallotonia gnaphalodes
Malpighia polytricha
Mammillaria nivosa
Mangifera indica
Manilkara bahamensis
Manilkara zapota
Marsilea nashii
Mastichodendron foetidissimum
Melanthera nivea
Melocactus intortus
Melochia tomentosa
Merremia dissecta
Metastelma angustifolium
Metastelma blodgettii
Metastelma eggersii
Metopium toxiferum
Mitreola petiolata
Myrcianthes fragrans
Nashia inaguensis
Nectandra coriacea
Neobracea bahamensis
Neptunia plena
Neuroleana lobata
Ocotea coriacea
Oeceoclades maculata 
Oncidium floridanum
Oplonia spinosa
Opuntia cochenillifera
Opuntia stricta
Oxypolis filiformis
Passiflora bahamensis
Passiflora cupraea
Passiflora pectinata
Passiflora suberosa
Peltophorum adnatum
Pentalinon luteum
Pera bumeliifolia
Persicaria glabra
Petitia domingensis
Phialanthus myrtilloides
Phlebodium aureum
Phyla nodiflora
Phyla stoechadifolia
Phyllanthus amarus
Phyllanthus epiphyllanthus
Phyllanthus pentaphyllus
Picramnia pentandra
Pilocereus millspaughii
Pinus caribaea var bahamensis
Piriqueta carolininana
Piriqueta cistoides
Piscidia piscipula
Pithecellobium keyense
Pityopsis graminifolia
Pleopeltis polypodioides
Pluchea rosea
Plumeria obtusa
Polygala grandiflora
Polygala oblongata
Polygonum densiflorum
Polyprenum procumbens
Polystachya foliosa
Prosthechea boothiana
Prosthechea cochleata
Pseudocarpidium wrightii
Pseudophoenix sargentii
Psidium longipes
Psilotum nudum
Psychotria ligustrifolia
Psychotria nervosa
Pteridium aquilinum
Randia aculeata
Rauvolfia nitidia
Reynosia septentrionalils
Rhachicallis americana
Rhizophora mangle
Rhynchospora floridensis
Ricinus communis
Rivina humilis
Rochefortia spinosa
Sabal palmetto
Sagittaria lancifolia
Salicornia virginica
Salmea petrobioides
Salvia serotina
Samolus ebracteatus
Satureja brownei
Savia bahamensis
Scaevola plumieri
Scaevola taccada
Schaefferia frutescens
Schinus terebinthifolia
Scleria lithosperma
Scolosanthus bahamensis
Scutellaria havanensis
Senna chapmanii
Serjania diversifolia
Sesuvium portulacastrum
Sideroxylon americanum
Sideroxylon foetidissimum
Sideroxylon salicifolia
Simaruba glauca
Sisyrinchium arenicola
Sisyrinchium fuscatum
Smilax havanensis
Solanum americanum
Solanum bahamense
Solanum erianthum
Solanum didymacanthum
Solanum microphyllum
Sophora tomentosa
Spathelia bahamensis
Spermacoce felis-insulae
Spermacoce laevis
Spermacoce tenuior
Spigelia anthelmia
Stachytarpheta fruticosa
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
Stemodia maritima
Stenaria nigricans
Stenostomum densiflorum
Stenostomum myrtifolium
Stigmaphyllon sagraeanum
Strumpfia maritima
Stylosanthes hamata
Suriana maritima
Swietenia mahagoni
Symphyotrichum lucayanum
Tabebuia bahamensis
Tabebuia lepidota
Tecoma stans
Terminalia catapa
Tetrazygia bicolor
Thelypteris kunthii
Thespesia populnea
Thouinia discolor
Thrinax morrisii
Tillandsia balbisiana
Tillandsia circinnata
Tillandsia fasciculata
Tillandsia flexuosa
Tillandsia usneoides
Tillandsia utriculata
Tournefortia gnaphalodes
Tournefortia volubilis
Trema lamarckianum
Tridax procumbens
Triopteris jamaicensis
Turnera diffusa
Turnera ulmifolia
Uniola paniculata
Urechites lutea
Utricularia gibba
Vachellia acuifera
Vachellia choriophylla
Vallesia antilleana
Vanilla barbellata
Vernonia blodgettii
Vernonia cinerea
Vittaria lineata
Voyria parasitica
Waltheria bahamensis
Waltheria indica
Wedelia bahamensis
Xylosma buxifolia
Yucca aloifolia
Zamia angustifolia
Zamia integrifolia
Zamia lucayana
Zamia pumila
Zanthoxylum coriaceum
Zanthoxylum fagara
Zanthoxylum flavum
Zapoteca formosa
Zephryanthes citrina
Zephryanthes puertoricensis
Zephryanthes rosea
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