Edible History

This part of the Preserve tells the story about the plants that fed the people of The Bahamas. 
Setting the scene is a Lucayan (indigenous Indian) hut, built by hand from Bahamian pine stands at the entrance to the edible history garden.  Here, plants that sustained the Lucayans – including the white Eleuthera pineapple, sea grapes and coco plum are brought together for the first time in hundreds of years. The fruits and vegetables including citrus oranges, and key limes imported by the Spanish and the sugar cane, and mangos imported by the English settlers, as well as the food crops, plantain, pigeon peas and okra cultivated by the Africans are also on display.

Notice the red dirt found in the beds. This red dirt is naturally blown to The Bahamas from the African Sahara Dessert, swept up high in the clouds during major dust storms and then deposited in The Bahamas usually during hurricanes. The dirt is high in iron and increases the acidity of the very alkaline Bahamian soil, making it better suited for farming. The island of Eleuthera has a lot of this red soil, typical of the Easterly Bahamian Islands.

Browse the plants found in this area below.


Coconut Palm Cocos nucifera
Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera
Cassava Manihot esculenta
Coco plum Chrysobalanus iacao
Corn Zea mays
Pineapple Ananas comosus


Genipe Meliloccus bijugatus
Guava Psidium guajaba
Dilly Manilikara zapota
Soup Sop Annona muricata
Sugar Apple Annona squamosal
Custard Apple Annona sp.
Mammea Mamey sapote
Persian Lime Citrus x. latifolia
Key Lime Citrus aurantifolia
Orange Citrus x. sinensis
Hog Plum Spondias purpurea
Bread Fruit Artocarpus altilis
Papaya Carica papaya
Sugar Cane Saccharum sp.
Avocado Peresea americana
Tamarind Tamarindus indica
Jujube Ziziphus jujuba
Banana Musa × paradisiaca
Mango Mangifera indica
Java Plum Syszygium cumini
Governor's Plum Flacourtia ramontichi
Goose Berry Phyllanthus acidus
All Spice Pimenta dioicia

Noni Morinda citrifiloia
Star Fruit Averrhoa carambola
Barbados Cherry Malpighia glabra