Plant Listings

Ernodea littoralis

Common Names:  Golden Creeper, Beach Creeper, Common Ernodea

Family:  Rubiaceae

Habit Ernodea littoralis grows as a small shrub to 1 meter in height.  The leaves are arranged oppositely with no petiole, to 5 cm long, linear to lanceolate with an acute leaf apex and an entire margin.

The flowers arise solitarily from the leaf axils.  The calyx has 4 green unfused sepals. The corolla has 4 fused red (occasionally white) petals that form a tube 4-5 times the length of the calyx.  There are 4 stamens fused to the mouth of the corolla tube.  The ovary is inferior with 2 locules.  The fruit is a 1 or 2-seeded drupe/berry that is golden yellow at maturity. 

Habitat: Ernodea littoralis grows in Pine Woodlands, dune systems, human-disturbed areas such as roadsides and abandoned fields. It can also be found in the understory of Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Woodland/Shrublands (coastal coppice) with a sand substrate.

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Ernodea littoralis occurs on all island groupings in the Bahamian Archipelago as well as Florida, the Caribbean region, Central America and northern South America.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Ernodea littoralis is not used in the Bahamas medicinally.

Ernodea littoralis is now part of the horticultural industry and is a great hummingbird and butterfly attractor.


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