Plant Listings

Ernodea nashii

Ernodea nashii Britt.

Common Names:  

Family:  Rubiaceae

Habit Ernodea nashii grows as a small prostrate shrub to 40 cm in height.  The leaves are arranged oppositely with no petiole, to 5 cm long, linear with an mucronate leaf apex and an entire margin.  There is a single visible vein.

The flowers arise solitarily from the leaf axils.  The calyx has 4 green unfused sepals. The corolla has 4 fused, white petals that form a tube 4-5 times the length of the calyx.  There are 4 stamens fused to the mouth of the corolla tube.  The ovary is inferior with 2 locules.  The fruit is a 1 or 2-seeded drupe/berry that is golden yellow at maturity. 

Habitat: Ernodea nashii grows in sand substrate typically behind dune systems as well as in open Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Shrubland that are on a sand substrate.

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Ernodea nashii is an endemic species only known to occur on Great and Little Inagua.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Ernodea nashii is not known to be used medicinally in the Bahamas.

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