Common Names: Joe-Wood,
Joe-Bush, Iron-Wood, Wash Wood, Cudjoe Wood.
Habit: Jacquinia keyensis
grows as a large shrub to small tree up to 7 m in height and to 30 cm
in diameter. The bark is smooth and grey. The leaves are arranged
alternately, to 5 cm long and 2 cm wide. The leaves are
stiff/coriaceous, oblong to spatulate with a round or retuse leaf
apex and entire margin. The leaf margins are revolute.
The fragrant, actinomorphic flowers are
arranged in terminal racemes. The calyx has 5 unfused green sepals.
The corolla has 5 unfused salverform shaped white petals. There are 5
stamens and 5 staminodia. The ovary is superior with a single locule
and numerous seeds. The fruit is a berry that turns whitish yellow
to orange at maturity.
Habitat: Jacquinia keyensis
grows along shorelines in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen
Formation-Shrublands (coastal scrublands) as well as in Dwarf
Rhachicallis americana shrublands (Rocky Shores/Iron Shores).
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally:
Jacquinia keyensis occurs on all island groups in the Bahamian
Archipelago as well as south Florida and the Greater Antilles.
Jacquinia keyensis has no known medicinal uses in the Bahamas.
It is used in the horticultural trade
because of its ability to grow in salty dry environments and showy
fragrant flowers. It is a very slow growing tree with a distinctive
shape that has a bonsai like appearance.