Plant Listings

Laguncularia racemosa

Common Name: White Mangrove

Family: Combretaceae

Habit. Laguncularia racemosa grows as medium to large trees producing trunks to 50 cm wide. The leaves are arranged oppositely, oval in shape and the petioles having two small glands at the base of the leaf blade. The leaf blades are 3-8 cm long with entire margins.

The flowers are arranged in terminal or axillary spikes that are up to 10 cm long. The calyx has five fused sepals forming a short tube. The corolla has five separate whitish petals. There are ten stamens. The fruit is an elongate and ribbed drupe at maturity. Each rib containing one reddish seed.


Laguncularia racemosa occur along the edges of saline environments both coastal and along interior ponds and lakes. It typically occurs inward from other mangrove species rather than directly in standing water.

Distribution in Bahamas/Globally

Laguncularia racemosa occur on all islands of the Bahamas as well as the Caribbean, Florida, Mexico, Central America and tropical regions of West Africa.

Cultural usage/ Economic value

Laguncularia racemosa as with all mangrove species are builders of land. Trapping organic debris before it enters aquatic systems and building up humus. Additionally they protect shorelines during hurricanes. In some areas the flowers are an important source for honey production and historically the bark was used in tanning leather as well as an antiseptic.