Common Name: White Mangrove
Habit. Laguncularia racemosa
grows as medium to large trees producing trunks to 50 cm wide. The
leaves are arranged oppositely, oval in shape and the petioles having
two small glands at the base of the leaf blade. The leaf blades are
3-8 cm long with entire margins.
The flowers are arranged in terminal or
axillary spikes that are up to 10 cm long. The calyx has five fused
sepals forming a short tube. The corolla has five separate whitish
petals. There are ten stamens. The fruit is an elongate and ribbed
drupe at maturity. Each rib containing one reddish seed.
Laguncularia racemosa occur
along the edges of saline environments both coastal and along
interior ponds and lakes. It typically occurs inward from other
mangrove species rather than directly in standing water.
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally
Laguncularia racemosa occur on
all islands of the Bahamas as well as the Caribbean, Florida, Mexico,
Central America and tropical regions of West Africa.
Cultural usage/ Economic value
Laguncularia racemosa as with
all mangrove species are builders of land. Trapping organic debris
before it enters aquatic systems and building up humus. Additionally
they protect shorelines during hurricanes. In some areas the flowers
are an important source for honey production and historically the
bark was used in tanning leather as well as an antiseptic.