Habit: Amaranthus cruentus grows as an annual or perennial to 2 m in height (usually shorter). The mostly glabrous leaves are arranged alternately, ovate-lanceolate, with an entire margin and acuminate leaf apex.
Amaranthus cruentus is monoecious. The incomplete, imperfect, zygomorphic flowers are arranged in terminal axillary panicles. The flowers are subtended by 3-4 maroon bracts and numerous hairs. The perianth has 5 pink/purple/red/unfused tepals. The staminate flowers have 5 unfused stamens and no carpel. The carpellate flowers have a superior ovary with a single locule and seed and no stamens. The fruit is an achene at maturity.
Habitat: Amaranthus cruentus grows in Human Altered environments (yards, gardens, farms).
Distribution: Amaranthus cruentus is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago but occurs on many islands. It is native to Central America but now occurs worldwide.
Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Amaranthus cruentus is not used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.
It is grown as a food crop for its seeds which can be used as flour and the leaves are edible. It is also grown ornamentally for its showy pink/purple/red/maroon inflorescences.