Anredera vesicaria

Anredera vesicaria (Lam.) C. F. Gaertn.

Synonym: Anredera leptostachys

Common Names: Madeira Vine, Sacasile

Family: Basellaceae

Habit: Anredera vesicaria grows as a succulent vine up to 10 m in length.  The leaves are arranged alternately, to 12 cm in length, ovate/elliptic/lanceolate with an acute/acuminate leaf apex, cordate leaf base, and slightly undulating margin. 

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in elongated drooping racemes.  The calyx has 4 unfused green sepals/bracts.  The corolla has 5 fused, white to pink petals. There are 5 unfused stamens that are adnate to the corolla.  The is superior with 1 locule and ovule.  The fruit is a purple/black slightly triangular capsule at maturity. 

Habitat: Anredera vesicaria grows in Human Altered environments (farms, fields, disturbed areas).

Distribution: Anredera vesicaria is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago but does occur in the northern islands. It is native to Texas south to Central America and the general Caribbean region.  

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Anredera vesicaria is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan archipelago.

It is grown throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world as an ornamental vine.