Habit: Aristolochia pentandra grows as a vine to 3 m. in length climbing on surrounding vegetation or along the ground. The leaves are arranged alternately, cordate in shape, to 4 cm. in length, an entire margin and acute leaf apex.
The incomplete, perfect, strongly zygomorphic flowers are solitary in leaf axils. The sepals in the calyx are fused, forming an inflated base narrowing to a curved red tube and then opening. The outer edge does not have projecting appendages. There are 5 unfused stamens in the calyx inflated base. The superior ovary has 5 locules and numerous ovules. The fruit a brown capsule that opens at the point of attachment to the peduncle forming a hanging basket shape.
Habitat: Aristolochia pentandra grows in Dunes, and coastal Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Shrublands (scrublands).
Distribution in Bahamas/Globally: Aristolochia pentandra occurs in the central and northern island groupings in the Lucayan Archipelago, the Great Antilles, and Florida.
Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Aristolochia pentandra is not known to be used medicinally in the Bahamas.