Calliandra haematomma

Calliandra haematomma (DC.) Benth.

Common Names: Red Calliandra

Family: Fabaceae

Habit: Calliandra haematomma grows as a shrub to 3 meters in height (usually shorter).  The bipinnately compound leaves are arranged alternately, to 15 cm long with pinnae in 1 pair.  The subleaflets are up to 8 pairs, oblong to obovate, with an obtuse or mucronate leaf apex and entire margin.

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are in arranged in powder-puff ball heads. The calyx has 5, green, fused sepals forming a tube.  The corolla has 5, greenish fused petals forming a tube twice the length of the calyx.  There are numerous red stamens that are 3-5 times the length of the corolla.  The ovary is superior with a single locule.  The fruit is a pubescent legume that turns brown at maturity and is elastically dehiscent.

Habitat: Calliandra haematomma grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations – Forests/Shrublands and Pine Woodlands.

Distribution: Calliandra haematomma occurs on almost every island grouping within the Lucayan Archipelago as well as the Greater Antilles and in the central area of South America.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Calliandra haematomma is not known to be used medicinally in the Bahamas.