Canavalia rosea

Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC

Common Names: Bay Bean, Beach Pea

Family: Fabaceae

Habit: Canavalia rosea grows as long-lived perennial vine climbing and rambling up to 15 meters in length. The trifoliate leaves are arranged alternately, with the leaflets to 8 cm in length, ovate to oblong to lanceolate, with a rounded/retuse leaf apex and entire margin.

The complete, perfect, zygomorphic flowers are arranged in axillary and terminal racemes. The calyx has 5 greenish fused, sepals forming 3 sections.. The corolla has 5 pink to purple, unfused, petals in which the largest is to the top of the flower forming a reflexed banner. There are 10 stamens in which 9 are fused and the 10th to the top is separate. The ovary is superior with a single locule. The fruit is a brown legume at maturity that is slightly compressed between the seeds.

Habitat: Canavalia rosea in coastal areas primarily Dunes.

Distribution: Canavalia rosea grows throughout the island groupings of the Lucayan Archipelago, Caribbean, Florida and Mexico.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Canavalia rosea is not used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago. The beans when well roasted are edible and can be added to coffee. The vines are good for trellis’s and grow fast in coastal conditions.