Casearia decandra

Casearia decandra Jacq.

Synonym: Casearia nitida

Common Names: Smooth Casearia

Family: Salicaceae

Habit: Casearia decandra grows as a shrub to small tree to 6 m in height. The glabrous leaves are arranged alternately, ovate, to 8 cm long and 5 cm wide with a crenulate margin, a retuse leaf apex and leaf base.

The incomplete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are in cymes in leaf axils. The perianth has 5 unfused, green tepals. There are 8 unfused stamens and staminodia. The superior ovary with 1 locule and numerous ovules. The fruit is a round, few seeded, yellow fleshy capsule.

Habitat: Casearia decandra grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations – Forest/Shrubland (coppice).

Distribution: Casearia decandra occurs throughout the north central Lucayan Archipelago, the Greater Antilles, Mexico, Central and South America.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic Usage: Casearia decandra is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.