Cassytha filiformis

Cassytha filiformis L.

Common Names: Love Vine, Woe Vine

Family: Lauraceae

Habit: Cassytha filiformis grows as a yellowish orange parasitic vine to 7 meters in height covering other vegetation and attached via haustoria to branches and leaves. The highly reduced scale like leaves are spirally arranged.

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in axillary in spikes. The calyx has 3 greenish, unfused, sepals. The corolla has 3 white, unfused petals. There are 9 stamens and 9 staminal nectaries. The ovary is superior with a single locule and ovule. The fruit is a white drupe at maturity.

Habitat: Cassytha filiformis grows as a parasite on other plants in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations – Forest/Woodland/Shrubland/Dwarf Shrubland, Pine Woodlands, Dunes, Rocky Shore, Wetlands, and Human Altered environments.

Distribution: Cassytha filiformis occurs on all island groupings within the Lucayan Archipelago as well as the Caribbean, Southern United States and tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Cassytha filiformis is used medicinally in the Bahamas to treat pain, dermatological issues, obstetric and gynecological concerns, and in strengthening and aphrodisiac teas.