Cissus quadrangularis

Cissus quadrangularis L.

Common Names: Veldt Grape

Family: Vitaceae

HabitCissus quadrangularis grows as a succulent to slightly woody vine (not quite a liana) to 8 meters in length. The stems are 4 winged. The deciduous, slightly succulent leaves are arranged alternately, to 3 cm in length, heart shaped, often 3-5 lobed, with a serrate upper leaf margin and an acute leaf apex.

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in cymes.  The calyx has 4 green fused sepals. The corolla has 4 greenish yellow to pink, unfused petals.  There are 4 stamens.  The ovary is half inferior with 2 locules and 4 seeds.  The fruit is a berry turning purple-black at maturity.

Habitat: Cissus quadrangularis grows in Human Altered environments (yards and gardens).

Distribution: Cissus quadrangularis is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago.  It is native to South Africa but now occurs on the island groupings in the northern half of the Lucayan Archipelago.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Cissus quadrangularis is not used medicinally in the Bahamas.