Dalbergia ecastaphyllum

Dalbergia ecastaphyllum (L.) Taub.

Common Names: Ti- Ti, Coin Vine

Family: Fabaceae

Family: Fabaceae

Habit: Dalbergia ecastaphyllum grows as a tree up to 5 m in height. Young stems are slightly pubescent. The simple, pinnate leaves are arranged alternately, to 13 cm in length, ovate/oblong, with an entire margin and acuminate leaf apex. The abaxial leaf surface pubescent. There are pubescent stipules at the base of the petiole.

The complete, perfect, zygomorphic flowers are arranged in axillary panicles. Flowers subtended by pubescent deciduous bracts. The calyx has 5 greenish, fused, pubescent oblong sepals forming a short tube. The corolla has 5 pinkish white unfused petals, with an upper banner, 2 wings and 2 lower forming a keel.  There are 10 (5 + 5) stamens fused at their filaments in 2 groups. The stalked ovary is superior and forms a kidney shaped brown legume with 1 seed.

Habitat: Dalbergia ecastaphyllum grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations – Forests/Shrublands (coppice) near coastlines often near Dunes and Mangroves.

Distribution: Dalbergia ecastaphyllum occurs on all of the island groupings in the Lucayan Archipelago as well as Florida, the Caribbean Region, Central and South America and tropical Africa.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Dalbergia ecastaphyllum is not known to be used in the Lucayan Archipelago.