Flacourtia indica

Flacourtia indica (Burm. F.) Merr.

Common Names: Governor’s Plum, Madagascar Plum, Ramontchi, Indian Plum

Family: Salicaceae

Habit: Flacourtia indica grows as a shrub to small tree to 7 m in height.  The often-unequal glabrous leaves are arranged alternately, obovate, to 7 cm long, with a a slightly serrate/crenate leaf margin and a rounded apex.  The adaxial surface is often shiny and often there are spines in the leaf axils.

Flacourtia indica is monoecious. The incomplete, imperfect, actinomorphic flowers in few flowered racemes.  The calyx has 4-5 unfused, pubescent, ovate green sepals. There is no corolla. Staminate flowers have numerous stamens and no carpel. Carpellate flowers have no stamens and 1 carpel. The superior ovary has 1 locule and multiple ovules and is subtended by a glandular disc. The fruit is a round, few seeded, red to purple berry.

Habitat: Flacourtia indica grows in Human Altered environments (yards, gardens. farms).

Distribution: Flacourtia indica is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago but is grown on many of the islands.  It is native to Africa, Asia and the Indian subcontinent.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic Usage: Flacourtia indica is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.

It is grown as a fruit tree and easily escapes cultivation as a non-native invasive.