Guapira obtusata

Guapira obtusata (Jacq.) Little

Common Names: Big Leaf Blolly, Broad Leaf Blolly, Beefwood, Blood Berry, Beef Tree

Family: Nyctaginaceae

Habit: Guapira obtusata grows as a large shrub to medium size tree up to 8 m in height and 30 cm in diameter. The leaves are arranged oppositely, to 15 cm in length and 7 cm in width. The leaf margin is entire and the apex emarginate. The entire leaves are often revolute.

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in panicles. Guapira obtusata is dioecious and the flowers have an undifferentiated perianth consisted of a single whorl that is yellowish green with red hairs. Staminate flowers have an elongate fused perianth that is 0.5 cm long with 6-8 stamens and a non-functional ovary. Carpellate flowers have a fused perianth that is 0.25 cm long with a superior ovary with a single locule and non-functional stamens apprised to the ovary wall. The fruit is a drupe that turns bright red at maturity and develops ribs.

Habitat: Guapira obtusata grows in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formations-Forests/Shrublands (coppice) on both lime stone and sand substrates.

Distribution: Guapira obtusata occurs on all island groups in the Lucayan Archipelago as well as southern Florida, and the Greater Antilles.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Guapira obtusata is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.

Guapira obtusata is a common species through out the islands and produces a large amount of fleshy fruits that support a diverse avian population.