Lantana demutata

Lantana demutata Millsp.

Common Names: Bahama Sagebrush

Family: Verbenaceae

Habit: Lantana demutata grows as a low shrub up to 2 m in height.  New vegetation is pubescent. The leaves are arranged oppositely, up to 1 cm long/wide, on the upper half, an abrupt leaf base, with crenulate leaf margins. They are round and very aromatic.

The complete, perfect, zygomorphic flowers are arranged in a cymose fashion with involucral bracts.  The calyx has 4 fused greenish sepals.  The corolla has 4 fused white petals with a yellow center. There are 4 stamens that are fused to the corolla.  The ovary is superior with 2 locules. The fruit is a blue drupe at maturity.

Habitat: Lantana demutata grows in Coccothrinax argentata dominated Dry Broadleaf Evergreen formation – Woodland (coppice).

Distribution: Lantana demutata is endemic to the Lucayan Archipelago occurring in the central and northern island groupings.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage:   Lantana demutata is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.

The flowers are very attractive to butterflies and the fruits for birds.  L. demutata does well in coastal areas and could be used in the horticultural industry.