Pandanus tectorius

Pandanus tectorius Parkinson

Common Names: Thatch Screw Pine, Pandanus, Tahitian Screw Pine

Family: Pandanaceae

Habit: Pandanus tectorius grows as a forking, medium to large size, tree up to 15 m. in height and up to 30 cm. in diameter. Aerial prop roots emerge from the lower trunk. The leaves are linear, arranged alternate/spiraled, to 150 cm in length, 7 cm wide with a toothed/sawed margin. The leaves can be variegated.

Pandanus tectorius is dioecious. The incomplete, imperfect, highly reduced flowers are arranged in a raceme. The staminate inflorescence subtended by a white bract with numerous stamens. Carpellate flowers in a globose head.  Fruit is a drupe arranged in a larger pineapple-like structure.

Habitat: Pandanus tectorius grows in Human Altered environments (roadsides, gardens, yards)

Distribution: Pandanus tectorius is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago.  It is native to the tropical island Pacific and Australia but is now grown in tropical and subtropical regions globally.  Is true native range is obscure as it has been cultivated for extensive periods of time.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Pandanus tectorius is not known to be used medicinally in The Bahamas.

It is grown as an ornamental.

The seeds can be eaten but depending on the cultivar they will need to be cooked.