Passiflora foetida

Passiflora foetida L.

Common Names: Viscid Passion Flower, Love in a Mist, Stinking Passion Flower

Family: Passifloraceae

Habit: Passiflora foetida grows as vine with older portions of the stem becoming slightly corky at the base with age.  Vegetation has glandular pubescence. The cordate leaves are arranged alternately, to 12 cm in length, 3 to 5 lobed, often with a slightly crenate margin.  The lobes are elliptic to oblong. At the top of the petiole are 2 round glands. Tendrils are present at the nodes.

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged are solitary in leaf axils.  There are 2 -4 pinnatifid bracts below the flower with glands at their tips.  The calyx has 5 green unfused sepals.  There is no corolla.  There is a corona with filaments in 2 series.  The outer series is white/pink/purple with purple veins and recurved. The inner series is filamentous and is white or purple with a maroon/red base.  There are 5 stamens.  The ovary is superior, with 3 stigmatic lobes, a single locule and numerous seeds.  The fruit is a berry that turns red/orange/yellow at maturity.

Habitat: Passiflora foetida grows in Human Altered environments (abandoned fields, waste areas, disturbed zones).

Distribution: Passiflora foetida is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago. It is native to the south western United States, Mexico, the Caribbean region and south America but is now pantropical and subtropical as a weedy/invasive species.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Passiflora foetida is not used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.