Peltophorum pterocarpum

Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) Backer ex K. Heyne

Common Names: Yellow Poinciana

Family: Fabaceae

Habit: Peltophorum pterocarpum grows as a medium to large size tree up to 15 m. in height and up to 1 m. in diameter. Young stems are covered in a brown pubescence. The leaves are arranged alternately and are bipinnately compound in 6-12 pairs each with 10 – 25 subleaflets. Each oblong subleaflet is to 3 cm in length with an emarginate leaf apex.

The slightly zygomorphic, complete, perfect flowers are arranged in panicles.  The calyx has 5 greenish, unfused sepals.  The corolla has 5 yellow crinkly, obovate petals. There are 10 stamens. The ovary is superior with a single locule. The fruit is a flat brownish red, slightly winged legume 10 cm in length with 1-3 seeds.

Habitat: Peltophorum pterocarpum grows in Human Altered environments (roadsides, gardens, yards).

Distribution: Peltophorum pterocarpum is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago.  It is native to southeast Asia and northern Australia.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Peltophorum pterocarpum is not known to be used medicinally in The Bahamas.

Peltophorum pterocarpum is in the horticultural trade and is used as a street tree. It does not tend to do well in hurricanes due to its large size but shallow root system.