Psidium guajava

Psidium guajava L.

Common Names: Guava

Family: Myrtaceae

Habit: Psidium guajava grows as a low shrub to small tree up to 5 m in height with 4-angled stems.  The leaves are arranged oppositely, elliptic to oblong, up to 15 cm in length, with an entire margin and acute leaf apex.  The abaxial surface has pellucid spots.

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers occur in groups of 1-4 in leaf axils and are fragrant.  The calyx has 4 unfused, green sepals.  The corolla has 4 unfused white petals.  There are numerous stamens.  The carpel has an inferior ovary with 4 locules and numerous ovules.  The fruit is a berry that turns pink to yellowish with maturity and retains the sepals at its top like a crown.

Habitat: Psidium guajava occurs in Human Altered environments (yard, farms, and abandoned fields).

Distribution: Psidium guajava is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago.  It is native to the Caribbean region, Central and South America.  It is now spread throughout the world as a food crop in tropical and subtropical areas.

Cultural/Economic/Medicinal usage: Psidium guajava is used as a tasty food source and has been used medicinally in the Bahamas to treat gastrointestinal issues.