Habit: Scleria lithosperma grows as a perennial clumping herb to 40 centimeters in height (typically 15-20 centimeters). The reddish leaves are arranged alternately, parallel veined, to 15 cm in length on a triangular shaped stem. At the base of the leaf blade is a triangular pilose extension.
The incomplete, imperfect, zygomorphic, flowers are arranged terminally and in leaf axils. The individual flowers are subtended by 1 scale. The lower flowers in each spikelet are infertile. There is no calyx or corolla. There is 1 stamen. The ovary is superior with a single locule. The fruit is a white achene at maturity.
Habitat: Scleria lithosperma grows as an understory herb in Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Forest/Woodland/Shrubland/Dwarf Shrubland.
Distribution: Scleria lithosperma occurs on all island groupings in the Lucayan Archipelago and through old and new world tropical and subtropical region.
Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Scleria lithosperma is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.