Habit: Stenostomum myrtifolium grows as a medium to large shrub to 2 m. in height. The leaves are arranged oppositely and clustered at branch tips, to 3 cm long, oblong to elliptic with an acute/obtuse leaf apex and an entire margin. There is a prominent white midvein. The vegetation is resinous.
The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers arise in clusters of 2-3 flowers from the branch tips. The calyx has 4 green fused sepals. The corolla has 4 fused, white/yellow petals that form a tube 4-5 times the length of the calyx. There are 4 stamens fused to the corolla. The ovary is inferior with 4 locules. The fruit is a drupe that is black at maturity.
Habitat: Stenostomum myrtifolium grows in sand substrate in open Dry Broadleaf Evergreen Formation – Forests/Woodlands/Shrubland (coppice) and less commonly in Pine Woodlands.
Distribution: Stenostomum myrtifolium occurs throughout all of the Lucayan Archipelago, the Greater Antilles and Florida.
Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Stenostomum myrtifolium is not known to be used medicinally in the Bahamas.