Stigmaphyllon ellipticum

Stigmaphyllon ellipticum A. Juss.

Common Names: Orchid Vine, Butterfly Vine

Family: Malpighiaceae

Habit: Stigmaphyllon ellipticum grows as a vine/liana to 12 m in length and 2 cm in diameter.  The dark green leaves are arranged oppositely, to 12 cm in length, ovate with an acute leaf apex, and an entire margin.

The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in umbels of corymbs.  At the base of the flower are 3 bracts and 10 sepal glands in pairs.  The calyx has 5 unfused green sepals.  The corolla has 5 unfused, clawed, bright yellow petals that are dentate/serrate along the outer edges.  There are 10 unequal stamens (only 6 functional).  The 3-lobed ovary is superior with 3 locules.  The fruit is a reddish samara with two wings; a larger upper and smaller lower.

Habitat: Stigmaphyllon ellipticum grows in Human Altered environments (yards, gardens, abandoned areas).

Distribution: Stigmaphyllon ellipticum is NOT native to the Lucayan Archipelago.  It is native from Mexico, Central and northern South America.

Medicinal/Cultural/Economic usage: Stigmaphyllon ellipticum is not used in the Bahamas medicinally.

It is grown as an ornamental.